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facilities:recordingstudio:basics [2019/08/05 10:52] (current)
Andrei Maberley created
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 +~~REVEAL~~
 +
 +======Recording Studio Basics======
 +
 +This wiki page is a supplement to the induction and can serve as a reminder and for trouble-shooting while using the studio.
 +
 +======Induction Outcomes=====
 +
 +  * Microphone -selection, positioning and care
 +  * Recording computer basics, file management and system defaults
 +  * Overview of analog audio signal flow  - input and output
 +  * Basic of digital signal flow with:
 +    * Ableton live
 +    * Audacity
 +    * Logic Pro
 +    * Pro Tools
 +
 +=====Equipment=====
 +
 +This induction focuses on a simple user-case, where the studio is being used to record one singer (or voice-over).
 +
 +  * RODE Broadcaster Microphone (mic)
 +  * Mic lead 
 +  * Mic Stand
 +  * Pop-Shield
 +  * Focusrite Microphone Preamplifer (mic pre)
 +  * Avid HD I/O
 +  * Apple MacPro and Cinema Display
 +  * Digidesign Control 8
 +  * Adam A4 Studio Monitors.
 +
 +
 +=====Software Tools Used=====
 +
 +
 +=====On Arrival====
 +
 +
 +
 +When you get to The Edge - check in at reception and one of the friendly Visitor Service Assistants (VSA) will let you in, and sort out your microphones.
 +
 +
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_04.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +=======Step One - Power On=======
 +
 +
 +
 +First up, lets turn on all the equipment - if its already on at the start of your session you can skip to Step Two - Restart/​ShutDown.  ​
 +
 +
 +====Equipment Rack====
 +
 +Start with the bottom of the rack and work your way to the top. First the two Avid audio interfaces.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_09.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Then the focusright mic pre-amps.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_12.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Next is the Apple MacPro
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_13.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Then the Digidesign Control 8
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_14.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 + ==== ====
 +
 +
 +Make sure the volume is down on both speakers and headphones!
 +
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_37.jpg?​direct&​400 |}}
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_38.jpg?​direct&​400 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Turn on both speakers and check the volume is in the centre ( you can always turn it up later)
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_17.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Next  check the Akai MIDI controller
 +
 +
 +If you are using Pro Tools - Make sure the Akai is UN-PLUGGED - otherwise Pro Tools will hang on boot
 +
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_20.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +======Step Two - Microphone Set-up ======
 +
 +Grab your microphone (mic) and pop shield from the cabinet. We are using the Rode broadcaster.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_06.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +Lets set up the mic first - make sure you have the right clip, and the nut that holds the clip on to the mic.  Its attached to the mic in the photo below.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_22.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +<WRAP center round box 60%>
 +Screw the mic clip onto the stand - twisting the mic stand shaft is easier.
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_23.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Attach the mic to the clip, using the nut.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_28.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Grab a mic lead from the wall
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_29.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Plug in the female end to the mic.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_30.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Make sure you tight the mic stand!!
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_31.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Or this happens...
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_36.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +Plug the male end of the mic lead into input A1 of the bottom Focustrite.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_34.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Next attach the pop shield.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_39.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +
 +======Analog Signal Chain======
 +
 +Now its time to check our analog signal chain or [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Audio_signal_flow|signal flow]]. For our example with a singer, your signal flow looks like this:  ​
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​analog_signal_chain.svg |}}
 +
 +We will step each element now.
 +=====Singer=====
 +
 +First find a spot in the room to record. If you are recording yourself, you will want to be in reach of the computer keyboard. ​
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +If recording someone else, have a listen to the "room tone" - try to find a spot that has the lowest noise from the computer and air-conditioning ducts.
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +Aim to be between 5 and 10 cm from the microphone, remember the broadcaster is an **end-address** microphone. Point the end __not the side__ at your sound source (singer).
 +
 +=====Microphone===== ​
 +
 +====Phantom Power====
 +
 +The RĂ˜DE Broadcaster requires [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Phantom_power|48V phantom power]] to operate. Press the **MIC 48V** switch on the Focusrite pre-amp.
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​img_9671.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +=====Pre-amplifier====
 +
 +Now you are ready to check your microphone pre-amp [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Gain_(electronics)|gain]]. ​ While someone is speaking/​singing into the mic - set your level with the pre-amp gain knob. Starting at 0, turn the gain up slowly.
 +
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_40.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +==== ====
 +
 +You are aiming for a signal range between the middle two green bars on both the Focusrite pre-amp and the Avid HD I/O.
 +
 +**Red = bad/​distorted sound.** ​
 +
 +==== ====
 +
 +
 +{{ :​workshops:​inductions:​recording_studio:​recording_studio_41.jpg?​direct&​600 |}}
 +
 +======Computer Set-up======
 +
 +If you have a USB hard disk or flash drive - plug it into the front USB of the Apple Computer, not the desktop USB hub.
 +
 +====Log - in ====
 +
 +Log-in to the Recording Studio computer as:
 +
 +  username:​studioedgeuser
 +  password:​edgeuser
 +  ​
 + ​**This account is refreshed (wiped) on log-in!**
 +
 +The desktop, downloads, and any other "​studioedgeuser"​ documents are wiped and empty, every time the computer starts or studioedgeuser logs off and back in.
 +
 +
 +====Disks and Usage ====
 +
 +There are two //scratch disks// you can use to record onto. Make sure that one of these disks is where you save files and record to.
 +
 +====File Privacy and Back-ups ==== 
 +
 +Scratch disks are temporary, shared storage.
 +
 +  * Both drives will be wiped and reformatted when full
 +  * Other users can see and read/​write/​delete your files
 + 
 +Please take your files with you on an USB drive or stick.
 +
 +=====Digital Signal Flow=====
 +
 +
  
  • facilities/recordingstudio/basics.txt
  • Last modified: 2019/08/05 10:52
  • by Andrei Maberley